There has been a lot of talk and commotion about the freshly established regions in our dear motherland Ghana.
People have quarreled over the name of these new regions, but the government of Ghana is sticking to their decision.
You will find this article very useful as I am going to take you through the 16 newly created regions in Ghana.
Why The New 6 Regions Were Created
The creation of these new regions has ignited a range of opinions and perspectives among Ghanaians:
- Economic Development: Proponents argue that these new regions will foster economic development by bringing governance closer to the people. Enhanced local administration is expected to promote infrastructure development and job opportunities.
- Administrative Efficiency: Supporters believe that the new regions will improve the efficiency of governance by reducing the workload on existing regional administrations. This, in turn, may lead to more effective and responsive public services.
- Cultural Identity: Some view these regions as a means of preserving and celebrating the unique cultural and traditional heritage of various communities. The new regions may provide a platform for cultural revitalization and preservation.
- Resource Allocation: Critics express concerns about the distribution of resources among regions, fearing potential disparities in resource allocation. A key challenge is ensuring that each region receives its fair share of national resources and development projects.
- Political Implications: The creation of new regions has implications for political representation. The establishment of regional capitals and governments requires careful consideration to ensure equitable representation and governance.
- Social Integration: Advocates for social integration believe that the new regions will encourage greater social cohesion by addressing regional disparities and inequalities. This could lead to improved living conditions and a sense of unity among citizens.
The Six Newly Created Regions In Ghana
In 2019, Ghana made six new regions, which ended a long process that started in 1954. This happened when Nana Addo Dankwa Akuffo Addo was the president.
Before this, during the NPP campaign in 2019, President Nana Addo promised that some regions would split into new ones to make things fair and improve how the country is run.
To do this, Ghana had to vote in a special election to decide if they agreed with this idea. Luckily, most people voted “yes” with 90% or more.
In Ghana, regions are big areas that help the country run smoothly. Each region has a leader called a Regional Minister, picked by the president.
For even better organization, regions are divided into smaller parts called districts, each with a District Chief Executive. All of this is to make life better for the people of Ghana.
Now, let’s take a quick look at the ten regions Ghana already had before the six new ones were created.
The Ten Already Existing Regions In Ghana
The ten old regions were created during the colonial era and it was established based on the existing administrative structures at that period.
Here are the already existing ten regions and their capital towns.
The previous 10Regions And Their Capitals
- Greater Accra Region – Accra
- Ashanti Region – Kumasi
- Western Region – Takoradi
- Eastern Region – Koforidua
- Central Region – Cape Coast
- Brong-Ahafo Region – Sunyani
- Northern Region – Tamale
- Upper East Region – Bolgatanga
- Upper West Region – Wa
- Volta Region – Ho
The Six New Regions
1. The Ahafo Region
Ahafo was originally part of the Brong-Ahafo Region. With an estimated population of approximately 575,000, the region has the advantage of brooding a relatively younger demographic dividend than other regions.
Underlying this creation was the need for enhanced welfare distribution and channeling more resources to spur socio-economic development.
2. The Bono East Region
Located in the mid-portion of Ghana, Bono East was carved out of the Brong Ahafo Region. As of the last Ghana Statistical Service census, the population stands at approximately 1,200,000.
The region was created to address developmental imbalances and introduce tailor-made problem-solving strategies drawn from localized statistics.
3. The North East Region
Created from the Eastern part of the Northern Region, the North East region has an estimated 450,000 population.
The birth of North East was engineered due to longstanding complaints about access to state resources and infrastructural development.
4. The Savannah Region
Savannah, designed out of the northern part of the Northern Region, has a population of about 600,000.
The need for ease of administration, uniform development growth, and change in the economic structure primarily influenced this decision.
5. The Oti Region
With a population of roughly situated around 800,000, the Oti region was formed from the northern part of the Volta Region, and it is predominantly inhabited by the Guan and Ewe people.
The establishment aimed to make resources more accessible to a larger demographic section, considering the geographical length and population density of the former Volta Region.
6. The Western North Region
Extracted from the Western Region, the Western North has a population hovering over 1,000,000. The split aims to decentralize resources and management and facilitate easier administration.
The creation of these six new regions plays a significant part in Ghana’s political landscape. However, perspectives vary concerning this development.
Proponents argue for decentralization’s profound implications on socio-economic development, allowing for tailored policies addressing exact regions.
Critics, on the other hand, worry about tribal balkanization and the possible reinforcement of socio-cultural divisions.
Regardless, in the quest for roomier representation, relative autonomy, and effective governance, the six new regions have demonstrated relevant strides.
They are witnessing gradual shifts in their developmental indexes, improved resource allocation, and importantly, the fitting of policy interventions to the needs of the people.
Though still in its infancy, this bold stride holds remarkable promises for Ghana’s adaptability and development.
It reflects the constitutional flexibility and accommodative nuances of government structures to the call for more localized administration.